Chamfering Machine Working Principle
The chamfering machine is a kind of equipment specially used for chamfering the edge of metal materials. Its working principle is based on the principle of cutting, and the edge of the material is cut by rotating cutting tools (such as blades, drills, grinding wheels, etc.) to form the desired chamfer shape. The chamfering machine can use different mechanical principles, such as rotation, swing, lifting, etc., to achieve different types of chamfering. So, how does the chamfering machine chamfer? It will be described by ATO in detail below.
1. Selection of cutting tools
There are mainly two types of cutting tools for chamfering machines: vertical and horizontal. Vertical cutting tools are installed on the spindle of the chamfering machine and can cut vertically to the surface of the workpiece. Horizontal cutting tools are installed on the side of the chamfering machine and can cut along the surface of the workpiece. Different types of cutting tools are suitable for different types of workpieces and chamfering requirements.
When selecting cutting tools, the material and shape of the cutting tools also need to be considered. Generally, chamfering machines use cutting tools made of hard alloys, high-speed steel, etc., while the shape of the cutting tools is selected according to the angle and shape of the chamfer.
2. Clamping the workpiece
Before the chamfering machine operates, the workpiece needs to be clamped between two pressure rollers for processing. Clamping strength needs to be appropriate, too loose or too tight will affect the quality and safety of chamfering.
After clamping the workpiece, the chamfering machine's cutting tool begins to cut. The cutting method is generally divided into two types: straight cutting and rotating cutting.
Straight cutting refers to the cutting tool directly cutting along the surface of the workpiece. This method is suitable for cases where the chamfering angle is small.
Rotating cutting is when the cutting tool rotates while cutting. This method is suitable for cases where the chamfering angle is large. Rotating cutting usually uses horizontal cutting tools for operation.
During the cutting process, attention needs to be paid to parameters such as the speed of the cutting tool, the feed rate, and the cutting depth. If the speed is too fast or the feed rate is too large, it can easily lead to cutting tool damage or a decrease in processing quality.
4. Adjusting the cutting angle and depth
During the cutting process, the cutting angle and depth need to be adjusted according to the chamfering requirements. The cutting angle is generally between 30 degrees and 45 degrees, and it is selected according to the material and requirements of the workpiece. The depth of cut needs to be adjusted according to the thickness and requirements of the workpiece. Too shallow or too deep will affect the quality of chamfering.
5. Removing burrs
After the chamfering is done, there may be some burrs or rough surfaces left on the edge of the chamfer. At this time, it needs to be removed with a deburring tool to make the chamfered surface smoother.
6. Cleaning the workpiece and equipment
After the chamfering process is completed, the workpiece and equipment need to be cleaned in time. Cleaning work can be done with a blower, brush, etc., to ensure that the workpiece surface and equipment interior are clean and tidy.
In summary, chamfering machines complete chamfering processing by selecting appropriate cutting tools, clamping the workpiece, cutting, adjusting cutting angles and depths, removing burrs, and cleaning the workpiece and equipment in multiple steps. When operating the chamfering machine, attention should be paid to the selection of cutting tools and the adjustment of cutting parameters to ensure chamfering quality and safety. At the same time, timely cleaning of equipment and workpieces is also an important measure to maintain the normal operation of the chamfering machine and prolong the life of the equipment.