A power line filter, also known as EMI/RFI power line filter, is an electronic passive device which is installed between the power line and the equipment in order to suppress electromagnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI). Due to high attenuation performance, 1-phase and 3-phase EMI AC power line filters on ATO.com are good solutions for EMI suppression, which provide a reliable protection for a wide range of applications in the industrial areas. The current rating ranges from 1A, 10A, 20A, 40A to 100A. To achieve a higher performance in interference attenuation, 3-phase dual-stage EMI power line filters are also available here.
ATO EMC line filters for variable frequecny devices for sale now. The filters work on the input / output side of VFD, with current rating from 6A to 1000A and rated voltage 250V/440V AC 50Hz/60Hz. With low leakage current and high interference suppression capability, it is a best solution for protecting variable frequency drives, servo motors, and frequency converters and extend their service life.
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A power line filter, also called EMI power line filter, is a passive bi-directional network, electrical equipment which effectively filters the particular frequency point in the power line or the frequency out of the particular frequency point. Line filters are designed for electromagnetic interference (EMI) in the mains, and it is a frequency-selective two-port network usually composed of inductors, capacitors, resistors. Actually it is a kind of filters and can also be called reflection filter according the working principle. It provides high series impedance and low parallel impedance in the filter stop band, severely mismatching noise source and its impedance with load impedance, thus transmitting the undesired frequency components back to the noise source.
When selecting the power line filter, three main indicators should be considered: first is voltage and current, the following is insertion loss, and finally it is size and structure. Since the filter inside is typically potted, environment is not a main concern. However, the temperature characteristics of all potting materials and filter capacitors have some influence on the environmental characteristics of the power filter.
The commonly-used filter circuits of power line filters have passive filtering and active filtering. The main forms of passive filtering are capacitive filtering, inductive filtering and complex filtering (including inverted L-type, LC filtering, LC π-type filtering and RC π-type filtering, etc.). The main form of active filtering is active RC filtering, also known as electronic filters. The magnitude of the ripple component in DC electricity is represented by the ripple coefficient S: the larger the value, the worse the filtering effect of the filter.
Ripple coefficient (S) = maximum value of fundamental wave of AC component of output voltage / DC component of output voltage
Power line filter's principle is an impedance adaption network: the larger the impedance mismatching between line filter input & output side and power & load side, the more effective the attenuation of electromagnetic interference (EMI). The specific working principle is as follows. After AC is rectified by diode, the direction is single, but the current intensity is still constantly changing. Generally, this ripple DC is not directly used to power supply. To make the ripple DC into a smooth waveform, one thing need to be done, that is filtering. In other words, the task of filters is to reduce the ripple in the output voltage of the rectifier as much as possible and transform it into near constant DC.