Variable transformers prices is as shown on the website. ATO offers single phase, 3 phase 0.5 kVA, 1 kVA, 3 kVA, 5 kVA, 10 kVA to 30 kVA variable transformers, 110V or 220V, 50Hz/60Hz.
ATO Variac Voltage Regulator has the advantages of low loss, high efficiency, small magnetic leakage, low noise, strong instantaneous overload capability, and no waveform distortion. Variac voltage regulator is an ideal choice for scientific research, testing, aging and other equipment.
The variac transformer is a relatively low power autotransformer designed to regulate the AC power supplied to the load from a single-phase or three-phase AC grid . Like other transformers, it has a core made of electrical steel. However, on the toroidal core, unlike other types of transformers, there is only one winding (primary), part of which can act as a secondary and the number of turns of the secondary winding can be quickly adjusted by the user, which is the difference between adjustable autotransformers and simple autotransformers.
To adjust the number of turns of each secondary winding, the variac transformer is designed with a knob connected to a sliding carbon brush. When the knob is turned, the brushes slide along the windings one turn at a time, thus adjusting the ratio.
The secondary terminals of the variac voltage regulator are connected directly to the sliding brushes. The secondary output is shared with the input. The load terminal is connected to the output of the adjustable autotransformer and its input is connected to a single-phase or three-phase power supply. In a single-phase adjustable autotransformer, there is one core and one winding, and in a three-phase, there are three cores, each with one winding.
The output voltage of a Variac transformer can be greater or less than the input, for example, adjustable from 0 to 250 volts for a single-phase network and from 0 to 450 volts for a three-phase network. It is worth noting that the higher its efficiency, the closer the output voltage is to the input voltage, up to 99%. The output voltage is in the form of a sine wave.
On the front panel of the Variac transformer there is a voltmeter for the secondary circuit, which is used for operational control of overloads and for more accurate setting of the output voltage. The housing has vents through which the magnetic circuit and windings can be cooled by natural air.
Due to the unstable power supply and the accompanying strong voltage surges, the current indicators in the grid need to be corrected. In general, 10-15 V is considered a normal deviation and most modern electrical equipment is designed for such deviations, so they are hardly noticed. If the voltage in a single-phase network rises to 260-270 V, it may cause malfunctions in household appliances, tools and equipment that are working at the time.
It is possible to get rid of this situation by adjusting the voltage with Variac transforme. The only difference is that the first option is suitable for use on grids where jumps are constantly occurring, i.e. the voltage drops sharply, increases and then normalizes again. The voltage regulator will adapt to these changes by providing only 220 V to the load. As for the Variac transforme, it has no such function, because it is not designed for automatic parameter changes. When used, the output voltage will vary in proportion to the voltage variations in the grid. That is, with a voltage of 180 V, using an autotransformer, it can go up to 220V, but as soon as it jumps to 220V, the connected load will be subjected to a voltage of 260 V, which may damage the electricity-using equipment. Therefore, in the case of frequent fluctuations of the mains, it is better to use a voltage regulator.
If there is a need to specifically reduce the voltage in the network, for example by connecting electrical equipment designed for 110 V, it is unlikely that the regulator will provide such indicators, because in most cases they operate in the range 135 to 250 V or from 150 to 290 V. Variac transforme is able to work in a wider range of applications as follows.
You can choose an adjustable autotransformer with a power of 0.45 to 10 W (or even more), but first you need to calculate the total load of all connected appliances. Their total power should not exceed the power of the autotransformer.
Voltage regulation range
This depends on the way the device behaves, decreasing or increasing the voltage parameters. Most of the models are of step-down type, especially single-phase models, which can operate from 0 to 250 V or from 160 to 220 V. Choose the one with the appropriate range, depending on the voltage required for the operation of the device. For three-phase models, the range is even wider: the lower limit can be at the level of 200-220 V. It is not always necessary to have a laboratory autotransformer with a wide operating range; for example, if the voltage in the grid drops to 180 V (not too high, not too low), it is possible to purchase a transformer that is adjustable in the 180-220 V range.
If the device is intended to be connected to a single-phase network, then you need to buy a model with 220 V, and if connected to a three-phase network 380 V (at the same time, for such models, the adjustment range can go far beyond the nominal value of the three-phase network, for example, from 0 to 430 V).