The ball valve is evolved from the plug valve. It has the same lifting action of rotating 90°, the difference is that the cock body is a sphere with a circular through hole or channel through its axis. The ratio of the spherical surface to the channel opening should be such that when the ball rotates 90°, all spherical surfaces should appear at the inlet and outlet, thereby truncating the flow. The ball valve can be closed tightly with only a 90° rotation operation and a small torque. The completely equal valve body cavity provides a low resistance, straight-through flow path for the medium.