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    Tag: vfd

    Difference between Soft Start and Variable Frequency Start

    Soft starter is a novel motor control device which integrates soft start, soft stop, light load energy saving and multiple protection functions. Its main structure is a three-phase anti parallel thyristor and its electronic control circuit connected in series between the power supply and the control...

    How to Select a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD)?

    With the rapid development of industrial automation, the variable frequency drive, used for frequency conversion debugging, is thereof widely used. As an important role of frequency conversion speed regulation and energy saving, VFD is mainly used to control the AC motor's power control equipment by changing the frequency of the motor's working power supply. It's not only advantageous for improving the enterprise's process and production level, but also plays an important role in energy saving. But how should we choose an appropriate VFD?

    Frequency Converter vs. Variable Frequency Drive

    What is the frequency converter? Frequency converter outputs the AC power to pure sine wave after the transformation of AC→DC→AC, the output frequency and voltage can be adjusted within a certain range. It is different from the variable frequency drive (VFD) used for motor speed regulation, and also different from the common AC regulated power supply. An ideal AC power supply is characterized by stable frequency, stable voltage, zero internal resistance and pure sinusoidal voltage waveform (without distortion). Frequency converter is quite close to the ideal AC power supply, so more and more countries use it as standard power supply to provide the best power supply environment for electrical appliances, so as to assess the technical performance of electrical appliances.

    How to Select a Line Reactor for VFD?

    The main function of DC reactor is to reduce the higher harmonic components of the input current, improve the power factors of the input power source, and limit the short-circuit current. Before the DC reactor is connected with the filter capacitor, it hinders the impulse current amplitude entering the capacitor, and reduces the AC impulse of the busbar. When the power of the frequency converter is higher than 22kW, it is suggested to consider the application of DC reactor. The greater the power of the converter is, there should be a higher possibility of using the reactor. Because when there is no DC reactor, the capacitor filtering of the frequency converter will result in the serious distortion of the current wave, thus further causing the serious distortion of the network voltage waveform. In addition, it is very harmful to the service life of the rectifier bridge and filter capacitor of the frequency converter.

    Variable Frequency Starting vs. Soft Starting of Water Pump

    As everyone knows, direct starting of water pump would cause the water hammer effect. Namely when the water pump starts and stops, water impacts the pipe and cause a serious water hammer. When the power is off suddenly or the valve turns off quickly, a water impact wave generates due to inertia of pressure flow, which is like the knock of a hammer, so it’s called water hammer. Sometimes the force generated from water impact wave may be great and damage valve or pump, therefore, to avoid the negative effect of water hammer effect, the pump’s rotation speed should increase to the rated speed slowly when it’s started. Two methods are applicable, one is the variable frequency starting, another is the soft starting.

    Variable Frequency Drive Price List

    ATO sells VFD's power range from 1/2hp to 300hp, include single phase input and output VFDs from 1/2hp to 7.5hp, 110v/120v input VFDs from 1hp to 7.5hp, single phase input to three phase output VFDs from 1/2hp to 10hp, three phase input/output VFDs from 1hp to 300hp. All VFDs are manufacturer direct sale and quality guaranteed. Widely used in fans, pumps, lathes, cable machinery, printing and dyeing equipment, chemical machinery, plastic machinery, etc. The following are ATO variable frequency drive price lists for your reference. If you want more information, please go to ATO VFD products page.

    120v VFD setup for 1-phase/3-phase 220v motor

    A device that converts alternating current with constant voltage and frequency into alternating current with variable voltage or frequency is called "variable frequency drive". VFD has the functions of voltage regulation, frequency modulation, voltage stabilization, speed regulation etc. VFD is generally used to control 3 phase AC motor in variable speeds. Now the three phase 220v-240v motor can run on single phase 120v power supply. ATO offers you 110v/120v input, 220v/230v/240v output VFDs. It can not only realize single phase input & output, but also convert single phase to three phase.
    Single phase 120v input VFD

    Characteristics of VFD

    1 Electromagnetic Design

    For a common asynchronous motor, major performance parameters considered in design include the overload capacity, start performance ,efficiency and power. As for a VFD, its breakdown slip is inversely proportional to the power frequency, and it can start directly when the breakdown slip is near 1, therefore, the overload capacity and start performance doesn’t need to consider, the key problem to be solved is how to improve the adaptability of the motor to non sinusoidal power supplies. Methods are as follows:

    Line Reactor for VFD

    The functions of input line reactor
    It can restrain harmonic current, improve power coefficient, weaken surge voltage in input circuit, the impact of current on VFD, the influences of power voltage, limit current surge caused by grid voltage change and switching surge, spike pulse or voltage defects in phase change of rectifying circuit, effectively protect VFD and improve power coefficient. Input line reactor not only can stop the disturbance from power grid but reduce the pollution of power grid by harmonic current produced by rectifying unit.

    Using VFD for single phase motor

    Variable Frequency Drive (VFD), aka variable speed drive (VSD), generally it's using for controlling 3-phase AC motor in variable speeds. It's important to know, control 1-phase motor speed by a VFD may cause overheat of the motor, as well as the service life. It's recommended to upgrade the motor to three phase AC motor, which you can also connect the 3-phase motor to single phase power supply by using a single phase to three phase VFD, then control the speeds. Anyway, in technical it's possible to use a VFD for single phase motor speed controls, here ATO will show you details about running a single phase motor on a VFD.
    ATO Single Phase VFD

    How Does VFD Work on Air Compressor?

    It is found that the speed of air compressor motor is proportional to the actual consumed power of the air compressor. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the motor speed in order to reduce the actual consumption of the air compressor. The use of VFD in air compressor system can realize the real time control of motor speed (output power) without changing the air compressor motor torque through the accurate coordination of electrical control and frequency control in the air compressor system. To change the compressor speed to respond to the system pressure changes and to maintain stable system pressure can realize the output of high quality air pressure according to demand.

    Speed Control of Three Phase Induction Motor

    How to control the speed of three phase induction motor? The speed control method includes: changing the number of poles, stator voltage control, stator frequency conversion, cascade speed control, double-feed speed regulation, hydraulic coupler, electromagnetic slip clutch, etc.
    The actual speed of three phase asynchronous motor is given by n=ns (1 - s) =120f /p (1-s). It can be seen from the formula that the speed of 3 phase induction motor can be changed by the means of changing the number of induction motor’s poles "p", the slip "s" and the frequency of power supply"f".

    VFD for industrial agitator

    The traditional industrial agitator usually conducts no regulation or regulates the speed in mechanical method. The speed regulation in mechanical method will increase the loss of the industrial agitator. Meanwhile, the industrial agitator will work in fluctuating status. Furthermore, it will also work in the status of "big rated power with small load power", which is quite not economic. The motor power of the industrial agitator in operating under the frequency conversion speed control is similar to its characteristics of the revolving speed and pump load. Using VFD for speed regulation will obtain a substantial power saving rate.

    VFD and Servo Motor in Embroidery Machine

    Computerized embroidering machine can realize traditional manual embroidery with high speed and high efficiency, and meet the requirement of multi-level, multi-function, unity and perfection which is out of reach of manual embroidery. Servo motor via its advantages plays an important role in various embroidery machines, to make sure the high quality in products.

    VFD for incense stick machine

    Frequency conversion technology is utilized to realize soft start and soft stop. The characteristics of speed up and speed down are utilized to increase the start and stop time of the motor. Take the motor of 1.5KW as an example, the motor employs the slowdown motor with a reduction ratio of 1:10. Through the reversing gear, the motor will change from the revolving movement into the straight line movement. Each revolving will realize one pushing action. When the incense stick goes through the discharging bucket, the stirring device for discharging will be driven with the chain drive organization while the motor is revolving. The material pushing jacket will be filled with incenses and then be extruded outside through pushing. In addition, As to the pressure(discharging quantity), the operator can adjust the revolving eccentric wheel to change the journey of the material pushing jacket and increase its discharging space, thus achieving the pressure change. Completing the whole process only needs about 0.4s, then one incense stick is finished. The VFD has been debugged for incense stick manufacturing, so as to reach the manufacturing requirements thoroughly.

    VFD for straightening machine

    Loading trolley, uncoiling machine, board swaging device, six-layer straightening machine, tracking shearing system, conveying and lifting work platform, double-layer pneumatic layout shelf, hydraulic system, electrical control system. The overall system adopts the VFD, PLC, touch screen, rotary encoder and other components to constitute the automatic control system of the production line. Under the premise of giving consideration to both horizontal shearing precision and manufacturing efficiency, through utilizing the high-speed counting function of the PLC and the speed regulating and controlling function of the VFD, so as to control the starting, operating, speed reducing, crawling and accurate stopping of the straightening roll and pressing roll effectively, thus realizing the high-efficient and automatic cutting to length of the metal plate.

    VFD in concrete pile production line

    In the entire manufacturing process of the concrete pile, molding on the centrifuge is the most vital step. This process includes: Cloth distribution, second level transition, compacting three stages. Different stages have different requirements to the revolving speed and time of the tubular pipe. In addition, the tubular pipes of different wall thickness and length will have different requirements to the revolving speed and time of the three stages. This requires the VFD to be able to regulate the working stage of the motor according to the different types of concrete piles. It will operate different speed and time at different stages to ensure the product quality of the concrete pile.
    working principle of concrete pile centrifuge

    ATO VFD Communicates with HMI Touchscreen by using Modbus

    VFD and the display control HMI touchscreen is communicating through MODBUS, so as to realize the stopping, frequency setting and status monitoring and other functions of the VFD through the HMI touchscreen.
    off-line simulation of VFD and HMI touchscreen

    VFD for wire-cut EDM

    The wire-cut EDM is to utilize the metal linear tool electrode (or named as wire electrode) to process workpieces with the principle of impulsive discharge to erode the metals. High speed wire-cut EDM is applied in the processing of the metal pieces with high precision, complicated shape, especially the mould and so on.

    VFD for tower crane

    Because the induction motor has incomparable advantages: Simple and solid structure, cheap price, and easy maintenance. tower craneSo using the means of VFD dragging three-phase induction motor replaces the means of traditional speed regulating, can solve the problem of high failure rate of the tower crane fundamentally. Moreover, it has advanced technology and significant energy saving effect. It is the ideal transmission controlling device of the tower crane.