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    Tag: troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Rotary Vane Vacuum Pump

    The installed rotor of a rotary vane vacuum pump is tangent to the stator fixed surface inside the pump eccentric, two or more rotary vanes slide in the rotor slot and contact with the inner wall of the stator, which makes the pump chamber divided into several variable volumes.

    Generally, the clearance between the rotary vane and pump chamber is sealed by oil, so the rotary vane vacuum pump is usually an oil seal mechanical vacuum pump.

    The rotary vane vacuum pump can remove the dry gas from the sealed container. It can remove a certain amount of condensable gas if it has gas ballast device. However, it is not appropriate to remove some gases that are highly oxygenated, corrosive to metals, react chemically to pump oil, and contain particulate dust.

    The rotary vane vacuum pump failure is divided into operation failure and performance failure.

    Air Compressor Troubleshooting

    The air compressor is a compressed gas equipment that is applied for every process of industrial production. As an important industrial equipment, the air compressor provides pneumatic power sources, which is a core device of the pneumatic system. It changes mechanical energy of dynamic into gas pressure energy, which is an air pressure generating device of compressed air. However, if some problems occur in the air compressor, how should we discover and resolute?

    Water Chiller Troubleshooting

    The water chiller is a water cooling equipment, which can provide constant temperature, constant current and constant pressure. The principle of the water chiller is that a certain amount of water is injected into internal water tank, making refrigerating system cools the water, and then water pump inside the machine injects cryogenic freezing water into an equipment which needs to cool back. The frozen water takes away calories inside the machine, then high temperature water backflow in water tank cools down. Cycle alternation cool reaches a function that cools equipment.

    Pressure Transducer Troubleshooting

    Generally, DCS system treats the current higher than 20.2mA or less than 3.8mA as a fault, and the pressure transducer also has fault current settings. For example, it can set the fault current of pressure transducer to 3.6mA or 22.8mA, or setting as needed and related to failure alarm setting. When the output current of pressure transducer is less than 4mA or greater than 20mA, it refers to the common saying that the instrument display is below zero or the instrument display is maximum. In this case, the fault is analyzed and judged in excess of the range. When checking the over-range fault of pressure transducer, firstly check the components related to the process, whether the process parameters have significantly changed, whether the instrument sampling valve and connecting pipes are normal, whether the connecting line or safety grille is faulty or damaged. Then check the pressure transducer itself, whether its range is selected correctly, whether the measuring diaphragm and circuit board break.

    What Causes a Solid State Relay Burnout?

    Solid state relay, SSR in short, is the non-contact switch constituted by the microelectronics circuit, discrete electron device and power electronics power device. The isolation device is used to realize the isolation of the control terminal and load terminal. The input terminal of the solid state relay adopts the tiny control signal, thus realizing the direct driving of the high-current load.
    Then, we will mainly introduces the faults of the solid state relay burnout. How to test the SSR if it is damaged or not? What is the reason of the solid state relay burnout and how to deal with?

    Soft Starter Troubleshooting

    Frequent starting leads to excessively high temperature, overheating protection of the soft starter thereof operates (starting frequency of the soft starter shall be controlled within 6 times per hour, particularly in heavy load). Protective elements act at starting, which makes the contactor unable to by pass, the soft starter works for long time and thus causing the protection to act (check peripheral circuit). Heavy load and long starting time lead to overheating protection (reduce load as far as possible when starting). Parameters of soft starter are improperly set. Long starting time and low starting voltage (increase the starting voltage). Radiator fan of the soft starter can't work normally (replace a fan).

    Safety Relay Troubleshooting

    Safety relay is the main component of electric locomotive control circuit and monitoring protection system. When the electrical components or connection wires in the main circuit or auxiliary circuit break as the electric locomotive is running, the safety relay of corresponding monitoring protection system can transfer the fault into electric signal. On one hand, the electric signal will be fed back to the opening coil of main breaker to trip the main breaker, thus cutting off general power supply of the electric locomotive to protect it. On the other hand, the electric signal will be fed back to signal device (including mechanical signal and electrical signal) and make it to display different fault conditions, thus guiding the electric locomotive conductor to deal with faults timely and correctly. In this respect, the safety relay doesn't directly control the main circuit or auxiliary circuit, but it's of great importance to the electric locomotive.

    Troubleshooting with AC Contactor

    Common fault for the iron core of an AC contactor is about the large noise. If it's caused by insufficient coil voltage after inspection, adjust the power voltage. If it's caused by bad contact between contact surfaces of dynamic and static cores, make contact surfaces smooth to ensure a good contact. If the noise is caused by the break of short circuit ring, replace or weld the short circuit ring. Another common fault is that the armature doesn't fall when powering off. This may be caused by small spring pressure between contacts, adjust the contact force please. If it's caused by block of armature or mechanical part, remover the barrier. There should be a clearance of 0.1~0.2mm in the central pillar of E-shaped core, if the clearance disappears due to iron core wear, the iron core may be stuck, repair the central pillar plane of the E-shaped core.

    Safety Light Curtain Troubleshooting

    Safety light curtain is a powerful safety laser sensor for machine guarding and personal safety. It is rather convenient and flexible in wiring and installation. The safety light curtain is equipped with flexible and relevant software, which can easily change the shielding and blanking effect according to the customers' various on-site requirements. It greatly reduces the time for re-arrangement and re-wiring. However, due to the complexity of the production process, the on-site product models often change, the settings for the safety light curtain also change accordingly. There are still some common problems in installation and maintenance. Today, ATO will tell you how to solve these problems.

    Troubleshooting with Disconnect Switch

    Side blow of static contact and moving contact knife in closing
    The fault cause is that the inappropriate position of static contact and moving contact knife causes side blow in closing. Check whether the fastening screw of moving contact knife of disconnect switch is too loose or too tight. Check whether the split ring on both sides of static contact of fuse type disconnect switch has movement or deforms or is damaged owing to poor contact, overheating or annealing.
    Solution: adjust the degree of tightness and position between blades of fastening screw of level 3 moving contact, adjust the degree of tightness of moving contact knife, adjust moving contact knife to the center between moving contact knife and static contact, no side blow in closing test, no jam in closing. Fuse type disconnect switch adjusts the split ring on both sides of static contact to put the gap between static contacts at the center line of blades of moving contact knife. Then, conduct closing test.

    Current Transformer Troubleshooting

    There should be no open circuit on the secondary side of the current transformer in operation. Once the open circuit occurs on the secondary side, high temperature caused by excessive iron loss may burn out the current transformer or enhance the voltage of secondary winding, thus breaking down the insulation and leading to the danger of high voltage electric shock. Therefore, when replacing a meter such as an ammeter, active power meter and reactive power meter, please ensure the current circuit in short circuit before operation. After replacement, connect the meter in the secondary circuit and then remove the short-circuit wires while checking if the meter is normal. In case sparks appear when removing the short-circuit wires, that means the current transformer disconnects, please short the loop again and confirm the meter loop isn’t an open circuit. When removing the short-circuit wires of the current transformer, please stand on an insulated pad and consider a protector to stop the current transformer loop. When it finishes work, the protector can be put in use.

    Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Troubleshooting FAQ

    There's no display on the panel after the UPS starts, UPS doesn't work?
    Fault analysis: the fault may lie in power input, battery and power detection, battery voltage test circuit:

    1. Check if the power input fuse is burned out.
    2. If the fuse works normally, check whether the battery fuse is burned out, because some uninterruptible power supply may close all outputs and display when it can't detect a voltage.
    3. If the battery fuse is complete, please check if the power detection circuit works normally. If it doesn't work normally while UPS can't start without power supply, UPS will also close all outputs and display.
    4. If the power detection circuit works normally, please check if the battery voltage test circuit is normal.
    Troubleshooting with the Oscilloscope

    There is no signal waveform on the screen when collecting signals?
    1. Check whether the detector is normally connected to the signal wire.
    2. Check whether the signal wire is normally connected to the BNC (namely channel connector).
    3. Check whether the detector is normally connected with the object under measurement.
    4. Check whether the object under measurement produces a signal (Signal channel can be connected with the fault channel to find out the fault).
    5. Collect the signal again.
    6. Check the state of the trigger mode.

    Solenoid Valve Troubleshooting

    Solenoid valve is a basic component of automation to control the fluid, which widely applied both in the industry and in our daily life. Now and then, this small valve encounters some problems, which further affects the normal operation of the whole equipment. So, it would be better to learn some common problems of solenoid valve and know how to trouble shoot them. Here are some common problems occurring with solenoid valves for your reference.

    • Solenoid valve doesn’t work after energized.
    • The valve cannot be closed.
    • There is a leakage inside or outside the solenoid valve.
    • There is a noise after the valve power on.
    Troubleshooting Three Phase Induction Motors

    Troubles with the induction motors are generally divided into two categories. One is the electrical faults, such as the various faults of switches, buttons, fuses, electric brushes, stator winding, rotor, starting equipment and so on. The other is the mechanical problems, such as the problems of the bearing, fan blade, motor frame, coupling, end bell, bearing cover, spindle and so on.
    Once the induction motor has any problem, there might be some abnormal phenomena, for instance, the rising temperature, over current, vibration and abnormal noise and so on. Therefore, learn about these phenomena, find out the cause, and then troubleshoot it. The following is some common faults and troubleshooting method of three-phase induction motors for your reference.

    Contactor Troubleshooting Guide

    Short circuit of the contactor
    Possible causes of the fault:

    • The contactor works in the environment of damp, dust, steam, or corrosive gases.
    • The arc chute damages or falls, load short leads to the contact short of the contactor.
    • Incorrect operation of the positive and reverse contactor, as well as unreliable interlocking, make two contactors to pull in at a same time when reversing.

    Maintenance method:

    1. Improve the working environment and keep clean.
    2. Match an arc-extinguishing equipment again.
    3. Handle the load short failure.
    4. Recheck the contactor's interlocking circuit, change the operation mode.
    Switching Power Supply Troubleshooting & Repair Guide

    When switching power supply blows a fuse, when there is no DC output or volatge output is unstable, when switching power supply has poor load capacity, how to do? Click it and then you will know how to deal with these problems as well as some repairing skills.

    Servo Drive Troubleshooting

    Servo driver is a kind of controller used to control the servo motor, which belongs to the servo system. When some problems accur as follow of a servo drive, how we should test and repair? Here are 6 tips  to maintain a servo drive.

    Stepper Motor Troubleshooting

    Stepper motors are now widely used in the industrial areas, but from time to time some problems with stepper motors occurs as follows. Aimed to these problems, there are some troubleshooting for your reference.

    1. How to control the direction of stepper motor?
    2. When stepper motor generates vibration and noise, how to do it?
    3. Why the stepper motor doesn’t rotate or move back and forth after it is powered?
    4. Why the torque of stepper motor is decreasing with the rise in rotational velocity?
    5. Why stepper motor can run normally at low velocity, but can’t start at certain higher velocity with some noise of whistler?
    6. How to prevent the power interference of stepper motor?
    How to prevent stepper motor losing step?

    Stepper motor is an open-loop control motor which transforms electric pulse signal into angular displacement or linear displacement.  However, there are some errors occuring between the actual angle stepper motor rotates and the theoretical step distance. There are some certain errors from one step to any other step, but the step number of each cycle of the stepper motor is the same. In the case of no step loss, the step error is not accumulated for a long time.
    How to prevent step loss with stepper motor as the above mentioned? First of all, we need to know why stepper motor losses step?

    1. The rotor acceleration is slower than the rotating magnetic field of the stepper motor.
    2. The average speed of the rotor is higher than the average rotating speed of the stator magnetic field.
    3. The load inertia of stepper motor is large.
    4. The stepper motor produces the resonance.