With the development of electronic technology, especially large-scale integrated circuit and computer technology, frequency weighting, detector and filter circuit in sound level meter are all realized by digital signal processing technology instead of analog circuit. This not only makes the circuit simpler and wider dynamic range, but also greatly improves the function and stability, especially for real-time spectrum analysis. A sound level meter is an instrument that measures the sound pressure level and sound level according to a certain frequency weighting and time weighting. It is the most commonly used instrument in acoustic measurement, which can approximate the noise level of industrial noise, traffic noise, environmental noise and living noise according to the characteristics of human hearing. It can be applied to the measurement of environmental noise, mechanical and electrical product noise, traffic noise, architectural acoustics and electro-acoustics.