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    Laser Welding Machine for Flat Plate Solar Collectors

    Abstract: Solar collector Laser welding system, welding speed 3.5min/pc.
    flat plate solar collectors1. Basics
    1.1 Comparison between laser welding and ultrasonic welding

    1. Disadvantage of ultrasonic welding
      Ultrasonic welding is the use of high frequency vibration wave transmitted to the two surfaces to be welded, in the case of pressure, the friction between the two surfaces forming the fusion molecule layer.
      After extrusion welding material becomes very weak, a significant reduction in material strength, easy to break.
    2. Advantage of laser welding
      Laser welding is the way to focus high energy density to the joint position of 2 welding pieces, fuse 2 welding pieces instantly, Molecules rearrange the combination, achieve the high welding strength. Laser welding is non-contact welding, no deformation and less heat area.

    laser welding equipment

    1.2 Flat solar collector Laser welding system characteristics

    flat solar collector laser welding system

    1. 2 work stations of the system, uploading and downloading workpiece over one meanwhile welding over the other one.
    2. 2 output head.
    3. Welding speed: 4800mm/min=2400mm/min*2 output laser beam.
    4. Weld strength: Endure 1.3MPa Water pressure  within copper tube for 5 minutes.
    5. Autocorrection on copper tube position range: 2mm.
    6. Lifetime: More than 7 years if work 20 hours a day.

    1.3 Weldment: Solar collectors specification

    PART1 PART2
    Description: Plate Description: Tube
    Material: Aluminum Material: Cooper/Aluminum
    Thickness: 0.35-0.5mm Thickness: 0.45-0.7mm
    Max size: 3000mm*1000mm Max size: 6-12.5mm

    welding point1.4 Parameters of laser machine were used for the welded connection
    Distance of 2 impulse welding point is adjustable from 2.00mm to 15mm.
    Welding point diameter: 0.75-1.2mm.
    2. Configuration

    Laser machine (Main) 2pcs Fiber input and output system
    Laser output head
    CCD display system
    Laser machine (Accessory) 2pcs Chiller
    CNC Worktable 1pcs Worktable
    Control system

    3. Layout: Floor space requires 13600mm*8000mm
    the CNC worktable configuration4. The CNC worktable configuration
    4.1 Enable enough length of solar collectors with big worktable
    Self-developed models, the main rack made of high quality steel, computer gray appearance of the coating, the seal plate made of high quality Q235A steel plate, countertops flatness is± 0.06mm, Dimensions: (L*W*H): 11500*2800*1600 (mm).

    4.2 Both cross tubes and straight tubes can be welded
    Dual workstation, dual output head , 4D worktable, the output head can automatically rotate, suitable for solar collectors lateral, longitudinal welding, X, Y axis adopt servo drives, high precision ball screw and ball rail drive,  X axis stroke 3000mm, Y axis stroke 1100mm, repeatly positioning accuracy±0.05mm; laser output head rotate automatically.

    4.3 φ12 φ10 andφ8 tube clamping roller(specialized jig and fixture system) are available
    Spacing distance of tubes turn left and right according to actual requirements, the laser head equipped with rollers (rollers run over tube during welding), ensure tube stick to plate tightly and welding well.

    4.4 High stability of box structure and beams
    Box structure base and beams using precision casting Aluminium alloy work platform, with annealing aging and vibration aging etc. eliminating stress process test.

    4.5 Industrial PC control
    Array point welding and  straight line trajectory welding, welding trajectory are decided by CNC  programming or teaching programming, welding process automation, welding procedures can be modified, you can set the operation and modify permissions.

    4.6 Adjustable focal length
    Laser output head can go up and down to adjust focal length, standard configuration 17-inch monitor.

    5. Worktable working procedure chart
    5.1 To prepare for clamping at A workstation.
    the CNC worktable working procedure chart one5.2 Accomplish clamping at A workstation.
    the CNC worktable working procedure chart two5.3 The A workstation product is delivered to welding workstation and is welded over there. At the same time, the operators can do clamping over B workstation.
    the CNC worktable working procedure chart three5.4 Accomplish clamping at B workstation, the B workstation product will be delivered to welding workstation after the A workstation product has been welded well and return to A workstation.
    the CNC worktable working procedure chart four5.5 Welding B workstation product while clamping at A workstation. Then Repeat step1 to step5.
    6. Welding efficiency
    Welding efficiency: f=W/E

    • f: The number of laser welding machine work per sec.
    • W: Average output power of laser welding machine.
    • E: Energy for single pulse welding.
    • Single point is about 15J, take the distance between 2 welding spot as 5mm, then welding length per minutes for each laser welding machine is: L=5*8*60=2.4 m (W=300*80%=240, f=240/30=8).
    • The welding speed of whole system is 4.8m/min.
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